Team Up Cancer

"Specifically, colon cancer incidence rates increased by 1% to 2.4% annually since the mid-1980s in adults 20 to 39 and by 0.5% to 1.3% since the mid-1990s in adults 40 to 54, according to a study published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute in 2017." CNN

"Colon Cancer is a stinky subject to discuss.  It is important to talk aout it." 
Up Cancer

Colon Cancer

By Nupur Shah and Rico Dence
Young Adults get colon cancer.  Up Cancer is working to educate the community to be aware that young adults can get colon cancer.  Why this is this important.  The earlier you are diagnosed more often you will have less treatment you will have to go through.    
Colorectal cancer, also known as colon or bowel cancer, is a type of cancer that starts in the rectum or colon (the first four to five feet of the large intestine), usually through growths (like tumors) called polyps which can become cancerous if they grow into the wall of the rectum or colon, and require chemotherapy if they spread to nearby lymph nodes. Once cancer spreads from beyond the lymph nodes other organs and body parts, treatment becomes even more difficult. The severity of cancer can be described by the stage number, which refers to a certain level of progression of cancer.
Stages of colorectal cancer:
Stage 0: The cancer is only in the inner wall of the colon or rectum.

Stage I: The cancer has spread to the muscle of the colon or rectum, but still has not spread to the nearby lymph nodes or tissue.

Stage IIA: The cancer has spread to the muscle of the colon or rectum, but still has not spread to the nearby lymph nodes or tissue.

Stage IIB: The cancer has spread to the nearby inner lining of the abdomen, but still has not spread to the nearby lymph nodes or tissue.

Stage IIC: The cancer has spread through the wall of the colon or rectum and grown into the nearby structures, but still has not spread to the lymph nodes.

Stage IIIA:  The cancer has spread to the inner layers of the intestine and to a small number of lymph nodes.

Stage IIIB:  The cancer has grown through the walls of the bowel or into the nearby organs and to a small number of lymph nodes.

Stage IIIC: The cancer has spread to more lymph nodes (4 or more).

Stage IVA: The cancer has spread to a single distant part of the body.

Stage IVB:  The cancer has spread to more than one distant parts of the body.

Stage IVC: The cancer has spread to the peritoneum.

Symptoms of Colon Cancer
Signs and symptoms of colon cancer include:  Courtesy of the Mayo Clinic
Colorectal cancer usually does not have any clear symptoms in its early stages, making it important to frequently attend physician-recommended tests and screenings, especially because it is much easier to treat early on.
  • A change in your bowel habits, including diarrhea or constipation or a change in the consistency of your stool, that lasts longer than four weeks
  • Rectal bleeding or blood in your stool
  • Persistent abdominal discomforts, such as cramps, gas or pain
  • A feeling that your bowel doesn't empty completely
  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Many people with colon cancer experience no symptoms in the early stages of the disease. When symptoms appear, they'll likely vary, depending on cancer's size and location in your large intestine.

Colon Cancer is fairly Common Cancer and is it is highly treatable if discovered early on.

While this type of cancer is fairly common, with 1 in 21 men and 1 in 23 women in the United States developing it within their lifetimes, it is highly treatable if discovered early on. Cancer can be discovered at its early, most treatable stage through a procedure called a colonoscopy, in which a tube inserted into the rectum allows a physician to see the inside of the rectum and colon and search for any polyps. There are also other procedures which can detect cancer early on, including biopsies, which are required to make a definite diagnosis, blood tests and imaging tests (MRIs, x-rays, ultrasounds, and CT scans).

Although this type of screening makes this cancer easily treatable in its early stage, colorectal cancer has a high death rate; it is the second most fatal cancer for women and the third most fatal cancer for men.
            Colorectal cancer is most commonly treated through surgical removal of cancerous polyps and can be treated through radiation or chemotherapy in later stages to reduce the size of the tumor or prevent recurrence.
            There are many factors that can potentially increase one’s risk for colorectal cancer, including a diet with low fiber and high fat and calorie content, high alcohol consumption, smoking, a lack of physical activity, obesity, and family histories of colorectal cancer, among other things.
While avoiding risk factors does not definitively prevent colon cancer, there is some evidence that high fiber diets can reduce one’s chances of colorectal cancer. Additionally, colorectal cancer can be prevented through regular colonoscopies and removal of polyps, especially for individuals with a family history of colorectal cancer.