You can break down a WOMAN temporarily but a REAL WOMAN will always pick up the PIECES, rebuild HERSELF and come back even STRONGER than ever

  "Cancer is not a death sentence it is a life sentence, it pushes one to live"
Marcia Smith

Ovarian Cancer

  ​Ana Peci ​, Simone Clark, and Rico Dence
As a young woman diagnosed with ovarian cancer, it is emotionally difficult.  We know you are facing challenges that seem abnormal.  You are not alone in your feelings and challenges! Nearly 80,000 young adults (AYA) are diagnosed with cancer ever year.  As an ovarian cancer survivor (you are a survivor for you are surviving with cancer)  your challenges as an AYA can feel very different than older woman diagnosed with ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer is usually undetected since symptoms are not too apparent and go undetected until it has spread within the pelvis and abdomen. This makes it more difficult to treat since it is found at the later stage. Early stage ovarian cancer has a greater chance to be treated successfully. It is extremely important to see or contact a doctor if symptoms are occurring, especially if symptoms occur over a few weeks. Paying attention to symptoms and getting checked by a physician can prevent cancer from forming or spreading further in the reproductive system or body.

Some symptoms may include:  
  • Abdominal bleeding
  • Feeling full quickly after eating
  • Gas, nausea, or vomiting
  • Weight loss or gain
  • Pain/ discomfort in the pelvis
  • Abnormal bleeding from the vagina
  • Frequent urination
  • Change in bowel habits; constipation
  • Bloating or swelling
  
Some Risks Factors in  Ovarian Cancer
On average,  1 in 70 women in the United States will develop ovarian cancer in their lifetime. Some factors conditions will increase one's risk of ovarian cancer, and there somethings you can also do to reduce your changes.

  • A family history of ovarian cancer, if any relatives have been diagnosed with ovarian cancer, it is more likely for one to be diagnosed.
  • Inherited gene mutations, which are breast cancer 1 (BRCA1) and breast cancer 2 genes (BRCA2). These are mostly uncommon, but these genetic mutations increase the risk of breast cancer as well.
  • Estrogen hormone replacement therapy, usually when used long periods and large doses.
  • Age of menstruation cycle, if begun at an early or later age, both increase the risk of ovarian cancer.
  •   Fertility treatment with in vitro fertilization (IVF) could increase the risk of ovarian tumors.   Women who didn't have a baby after IVF were at greatest risk. 
  
Ovarian Cancer associated with Genetic Disorders
Women with have genetic disorders such as Lynch syndrome and Peutz-Jeghers syndrome have a higher risk of developing ovarian cancer. Lynch syndrome is often called hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), is an inherited disorder that increases the risk of many types of cancer such as digestive and ovarian cancers. Peutz-Jeghers syndrome will increase one risk of developing polyps in the digestive tract and several types of cancers like breast, colon, rectum, pancreas, stomach, testicles, ovaries, lungs and cervix.
  
Tips on Reducing your risks of Ovarian

  • Giving birth, before age 30 show a lower risk of developing cancer. Breastfeeding also reduces further.
  • Breastfeeding. Some studies suggest that women who breastfeed for a year or more may have a modestly reduced risk of ovarian cancer.
  • Birth control pills talk to your physician about using birth control and if it is right for your body. Women who have used birth control have shown less risk of ovarian cancer. However, birth control does have its own risks to take into account. (Birth control pills can increase other cancers or other health issues
  • Tying tubes or Hysterectomy (removal of the uterus)
  
Talcum Powder and  risk of ovarian cancer

Some studies show there is a small chance that Talcum Powder many increases your odds to ovarian cancer.   Research shows that when Talcum Powder is applied to the genital area, sanitary napkins or condoms, particles of talk can travel through the vagina to the ovaries. When the talc particles travel to the ovaries, they can cause inflammation and increase the risk of ovarian cancer.
  
Three types of Ovarian Cancer: 

  • Epithelial tumors start in a thin layer of tissue around the ovaries. This is the most common type of tumor; 90 percent of women have this specific tumor.
  • Stromal tumors start in the tissue that holds the hormone-producing cells. This tumor can be diagnosed very early compared to the other tumors. Seven percent of the tumors are stromal.
  • Germ cell tumors are in the egg-producing cells. This is the rarest cancer and can arise in younger women.

Asking your doctor for tests and which treatments are best for you is very vital to confirm and find help. Even a regular health exam, such as a pelvic exam can allow the doctor to feel the reproductive system and help find any conditions or cancers.

Blood tests for tumor markers measure the amount of CA-125 found in the blood. CA-125 is a type of protein in the ovaries and women with ovarian cancer carry a high level of CA-125. This can allow the patient to receive treatment to help lower the level of the CA-125. A screening test if found more helpful because the doctor can see if the patient has other conditions such as endometriosis and pelvic inflammatory disease.

  Transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) is a test that uses sound waves to view the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries by using ultrasound in the vagina. This allows the doctor to find a tumor in the ovary and check the stage of it. When screening is used, most tumors found are not cancerous.

  
Ovarian Cancer Treatments can include:

Surgery
1.  Curative surgery is done when the cancer is only found in one part of the body and can be removed. This can be considered the main treatment.
2. Stage cancer surgery is done to see how much and where the tumor has spread. The area that has the tumor is examined and allows the doctor to provide you with treatment guides and predict timing.

Chemotherapy
1. Chemo is one of the drugs or medicine used to treat cancer. It can cure cancer and if a cure is not possible with chemo, it can control it and shrink or stop it from spreading to other major organs. 2. Chemotherapy kills cancer cells and stops the pain in the body.

Radiation therapy
1. MRI radiotherapy is precise and accurately tracks the shape and position of the tumor. The machine treats directly to the tumor’s position.

Targeted therapy
Women with breast cancer gene mutations and advanced stages of ovarian cancer that is difficult to control or stop receiving targeted therapeutic drugs that are taken orally.

Immunotherapy
Immunotherapy deals with targeted antibodies. It decreases tumor blood vessel growth and is used mostly for patients with advanced ovarian cancer. The antibody used is called Bevacizumab and targets the VEGF/VEGFR pathway, which allows the formation of needed blood vessels from pre-existing ones.