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Thyroid Cancer

Madison Miller and Rico Dence at Up Cancer
  Thyroid Cancer is common in young adults. At Up Cancer, we are working to educate people on symptoms and Thyroid Cancer so people can get diagnosed and treated early

Thyroid cancer is a type of cancer that directly affects the thyroid glands in the neck. Thyroid cancer has a generally good prognosis with 98% of all people diagnosed surviving. This type of cancer is thought to come from; genetics, smoking, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, or some other cause. Although thyroid cancer generally has a good outlook it is important to catch as soon as possible since it can lead to other types of cancers throughout the body.

Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer 

The most common symptom for noticing thyroid cancer is noticing a lump appear on the neck. The lump will be firm, constant, and potentially fast growing. Swelling in the neck could be another possible symptom followed by pain in the neck. Other

Lump appear  it grows, you could notice any of the following problems:
Neck, throat pain
Lump in your neck
Difficulty swallowing
Vocal changes, hoarseness
Cough

If you experience any of these symptoms it is urgent to see a doctor as soon as possible. It is important to determine whether the symptoms are a form of thyroid cancer or another type of cancer located in the neck, to begin with, treatments. 


  There are approximately four different types of thyroid cancer: 
  • apillary carcinoma,
  • follicular carcinoma,
  • medullary carcinoma
  • anaplastic carcinoma.

The most common type is papillary and it is found in about 8 out of every 10 thyroid cancer patients. Papillary type thyroid cancer is normally slow growing and develops in at least one lobe of the thyroid glands. Papillary cancers often tend to transfer to the lymph nodes in the neck. Although this type may spread, it is not usually fatal and is very treatable.

The second most common type of thyroid cancer is follicular carcinoma. This type of cancer is found in every 1 out of 10 thyroid cancer cases. It occurs in most cases when there is an insufficient intake of iodine. Follicular thyroid cancer is typically more aggressive than papillary cancer, and instead of spreading to the lymph nodes, it most often spreads to other organs. Hurthle cell carcinoma is a significant subtype of follicular carcinoma, which accounts for three percent of all thyroid cancer patients. Hurthle cell is typically harder to find and treat than follicular cancer.

Medullary thyroid carcinoma is a type of aggressive thyroid cancer that accounts for about 4% of all thyroid cancer patients. This type of carcinoma develops from the C cells in the thyroid. A C cell is a neuroendocrine cell which secretes calcitonin(a hormone which helps to regulate levels of calcium and phosphate in the blood). Medullary thyroid carcinoma will often spread to the lymph nodes and possibly other organs in the body. This type is more difficult to find than the previous two types.

Anaplastic carcinoma, or called undifferentiated cancer, is a type of thyroid cancer in which the cells do not look like normal thyroid cells. This type is a very aggressive form of thyroid cancer which is very hard to treat.  It will often quickly spread to other parts of the body and occurs in around 2% of all thyroid cancer patients.  

Most cases of thyroid cancer can be treated. It is important to go see a doctor as soon as possible if experiencing any of the symptoms in hopes of starting treatment quickly before cancer can spread.  In most treatments, the whole thyroid will be removed, unless they catch it soon enough to just remove the part with the cancer cells. Depending on the stage and type of cancer, removing the thyroid can be followed up with up radiation. With radiation in the area of the neck, doctors will be concerned with damage to the vocal cords since they are located in the same region. Doctors will also warn patients that sometimes patients might not always have the same voice as they had before.